Gerbachev’s death commemorates the bloody episodes – Uighur

In the 1990s, a major historical event that shook the world was the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. However, the first and last leader of the former Soviet Union, Mikhail Gerbachev, who played a very important role in the occurrence of such a great historical change, died on August 30. Gerbachev was an important politician who had a profound impact on the history of Central Asia, the Baltic region, Eastern Europe, and the entire world during his six years as the supreme leader of the former Soviet Union. The international community praised Gerbachev’s efforts to end the Cold War and promote world peace.

Gorbachev came to the leadership of the former Soviet Union at a time when the Soviet Union was in a severe economic, political and social crisis due to the Cold War. After he took office, he first made many efforts to save the Soviet Union and restore its economy. He made the first decision to reduce nuclear weapons, ending the Soviet Union’s ongoing military buildup rivalry with the United States due to the Cold War. He also withdrew Soviet troops from Afghanistan in 1988, officially ending the Soviet-Afghan war. As a result of his series of reforms, an era of “reconstruction” and “openness” began in the Soviet Union, creating an environment of greater freedom of thought and belief for Soviet citizens. Economic reforms will pave the way for the development of a free market economy. However, Gerbachev’s efforts failed to save the former Soviet Union, which was deeply mired in crisis. On December 25, 1991, Gerbachev resigned as president, and the Soviet Union officially disintegrated.

Although Western democracies give high praise to Gerbachev’s life, China has always accused Gerbachev of being a “grave digger of the former Soviet Union”. So, why does China not affirm Gerbachev’s reforms, open policies and democratic achievements in the Soviet Union at that time, but instead give him a negative evaluation?

It is no secret that the Communist Party of China was founded under the direct influence of the international communist movement under the leadership of the Soviet Bolshevik Party and came to power in China with the support of the Soviet Union. Therefore, since the establishment of the Communist regime, China has always followed the footsteps of the former Soviet Union. But the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union forced China to make an urgent decision about its own destiny.

As it turns out, in the 1980s, when the former Soviet Union was in a period of political and economic turmoil, China was also a victim of the so-called “reform” and “opening the door” policies. However, the restoration of Bingtuan, which was dissolved 5-6 years after the beginning of the “reform”, has become a sign of great historical tragedy for the Uyghurs. For example, due to Bingtuan’s brutality and violence, Uyghurs have experienced many casualties in the past twenty years. Although China’s “reform” and “opening the door” policies had created some hopes among the Uyghurs at the time, the restoration of Bingtuan turned those hopes into bubbles.

However, China’s insistence on “not changing the system” in carrying out reforms, only taking the path of economic development, is fundamentally different from the reforms carried out after 1956 by Nikita Khrushchev, who came to power after the death of Stalin in the former Soviet Union.

After China made the decision to reform, it eliminated all factors that could hinder the reform and chose peaceful development. Such a choice made it necessary for China to rehabilitate relations with its great neighbor, the former Soviet Union, which had been damaged under Khrushchev. Deng Xiaoping, the second generation leader of the Communist Party of China, believes that the restoration of Bingtuan in the Uyghur land can prevent the possible independence aspirations of the Uyghurs under the influence of the Soviet Union, which means that the political chaos in the Uyghur land can be quickly controlled by Bingtuan.

It is clear that the restoration of the army caused the Uyghur pride to grow stronger. On December 12, 1985, thousands of Uyghur university students gathered in Urumqi and held a massive protest that lasted for weeks. This protest quickly gained the support of Uyghur students from all over the Uyghur region and the inner provinces of China. One of the main reasons for this protest is Bingtuan’s invasion of the administrative and economic rights of Uyghurs. Long live independence!” The voices were loudest. On June 15, 1988, the Uyghur students of Xinjiang University once again shook the streets of Urumqi, chanting the slogan of “democracy, freedom and equality” and held a protest against the unequal policies of the Chinese government in the Uyghur region.

Behind the protests against the Chinese government for equality, democracy, and freedom, there was of course inequality, oppression, and deprivation. When such complaints were heard internationally, it was clear that China’s reform and development plans would face major international obstacles. In other words, the question of how the Uyghurs would broadcast their voice to the international community was an important factor for China’s future development and national stability.

Indeed, with the restoration of Bingtuan, the Uyghurs turned to more severe episodes. In 1991, when the former Soviet Union collapsed and was removed from the stage of history, the Uyghurs were very happy and hopeful for their brothers and sisters in Central Asia who had gained national independence and pride. Because this incident gave hope and confidence to the Uighurs for the future. However, Deng Xiaoping said in 1987, “We did not use the federal system to solve the problem of nations, but implemented the national territorial autonomy system. Because this system is suitable for China’s national situation, he clearly stated that he would never give the Uighurs, Tibetans, and Mongols a chance to separate from China and gain their independence. Not long after, in 1989, a large demonstration of university students demanding system change and democratization in China broke out in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. There were also Uyghur students among them, and even one of the important leaders of this great protest of Chinese students was Arakash State! Indeed, Deng Xiaoping’s idea of ​​economic reform but maintaining the system was opposed not only by the Uyghurs, but even by all the peoples of China, and the collapse of the Soviet Union almost reached its peak in China as well. But these protests ended in a bloody tragedy with the armed suppression of the Chinese Communist Party.

Indeed, despite the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, such a possibility in China was completely blocked in the 1990s. Especially during this period, the Chinese government tried to portray the Uyghurs as “terrorists” who pose a threat not only to China but also to the whole world by putting on the hat of “three forces” (terrorism, separatism, and extremism). Although the cap on the head of the Uyghurs did not completely subjugate the Uyghurs, it made any other ethnic groups in China not dare to resist.

In other words, the “Three Powers” cap and the so-called “legal” repression played an important role in China’s survival from the political crisis in the communist camp caused by the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. Indeed, the breakup of the Soviet Union taught China a huge lesson, and Gorbachev’s historic decision in 1991 shocked and shook the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, China has made dramatic changes in its ethnic policy, especially towards the Uyghurs, and has made harsh repression the main way to rule the local ethnic groups. China applied the bitter lessons and lessons learned from the breakup of the Soviet Union, primarily in governing the Uyghurs. “Document No. 7” issued by the Chinese Communist Party in 1996 was made public in such a context. This was not only the beginning of a new type of oppression and terrible episodes for the Uyghurs, but also the signal of today’s genocide.

***Note: The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not represent our radio station.

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